Lady Wentworth School claims the true homeland of the Arabian horse
is the Arab peninsula, in particular the Yemen region.
Raswan claims Nejd as the main centre.
It was allegedly Noah’s great, great, grandson
Baz (3000 B.C.) who was the first to capture and tame one of the
wild ancestors, but
the Iranians also have always claimed to be the first to domesticate
the Arabian horse.
is evidence that the Arabian horse is derived from a prototype which
came from America at an early stage and spread across the temperate
regions from East Asia to North Africa. This idea is supported
the discovery of bones similar to the modern Arabian horse in Japan
and Western Iran and pre-historic rock drawings of horses with
Arabian horse features were discovered in Fezzan, Libya, dating back
than 8000 years.
The Arabian horse is a taproot and not a derivative.
It has absolute dominance and unrivalled power.
The Arabian horse was introduced to Europe, Northern
Africa and subsequently to the world through either trade or wars
with the Arabs. It became a favourite internationally. There are
now centres of breeding
in many countries around the world for the Arabian horse
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The Arabian horse imprint is present in many breeds
around the world. A few examples include:
The Russian purebred Akhal-Teké was introduced in 1930
noted for its speed, endurance on long marches and adaptation
climate conditions. Known also for its pale golden colour with
distinct sheen and natural metallic bloom. They stand between
14.3 to 16.3 hands. They have a fine head, upright neck, slightly
convex profile, long back, sloping shoulders, strong but fine
limbs, long ears and almond-shaped eyes. The mane and tail
are usually sparse.
The Russian Orlov Trotter has a fast trot, outstanding
speed and stamina. The Orlov breed has a mixture of
various European mares (primarily of English, Dutch, Mecklenburg,
and Danish breeding) with Arabian stallions.
Best known for harness racing with a trot or pace instead
of galloping under a saddle. It is a solid, well-built horse,
people-oriented, easy to train. Standardbred breeds include
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South American Criollo
The South American Criollo, has the best endurance of any horse
breed in the world next to the pure Arabian. It can go for week
without food. It is a hardy horse with short, strong legs, good
bone, resistant joints, and hard feet. With long muzzled head and
a straight or slightly convex profile with wide-set eyes. The croup
is sloping, the back is short. Shoulders are sloping, strong with
muscular neck and broad chest. The Criollo is intelligent and sensible.
The Criollo horse averages 14.1 hands. The breed may come in bay,
brown, black, chestnut, grulla, buckskin, palomino, blue or strawberry
roan, and gray colours. The breed is famous for their endurance
and ability to live in both extreme heat and cold weather have
good resistance to disease.
Thoroughbred - Crabbet Stud
The Thoroughbred is a race horse, the breed was developed
during the 17th century in England by breeding English mares
to Arabian stallions. The Thoroughbred stands from 15.2 to
17.0 hands high and is usually bay, brown, chestnut, black,
or gray in colour. Thoroughbreds have well chiseled heads,
long necks, high withers, a deep chest, a short back, lean
body, and long legs. They are known for speed, boldness and
Lady Wentworth was known for raising the Crabbet stud
during the late 1800’s when the first Arabian
horses brought to England by Wilfrid Scawen Blunt and
Lady Anne Blunt
arrived at their estate named Crabbet Park in Sussex.
The Arabian horse origin is also present in the British
Forest Pony, the Hackney, and the Welsh Mountain
To whom 95% of today's Thoroughbred breeds trace
and carry its genetics, was imported to England
Middle East in the late 17th century.
In Germany the
Weil stud founded in 1817 and today the Weil-Marbach Stud
farm is known for training Arabian horses.
The Russian Karabair has
Arabian origins as well.
Gidran Arabian and the Hungarian
Hungary imported the Arabian horse
in 1816 and founded these two strains.
Spanish breeds were influenced by the stocks brought by Muslims.
Purebred lines are of recent origin from descent stocks acquired
in the 19th century.
India was exposed to the Arabian horse in 1290 as a result
of trade with the Arabs
In France the Arabian horse
has been present since the 7th century known as the Pompadour
or the French Anglo-Arab.
There is now a world Arabian Horse Association. The concern today
is to save the breed, not fro extinction but from the loss of
purity. The Emirates Arabian Horse Society gained
recognition of the World Arabian Organization in 1989. They support
the need to foster a continuance of the purebred Arabian horses
in the land of its origin. Consequently there is now a significant
boost to breeding programs throughout the Arab Emirates (UAE),
as well, the international races in the Dubai World Cup (the
world’s highest price race) at Nad al-Sheba track, and
Abu Dhabi’s al-Wathba endurance track.
In Sharjah today there are two shows, one for the internationally
bred horses and one for the locally bred.
Purity and breed of the Arabian horse is an ongoing venture
in Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Egypt, Qatar, Bahrain and also Iran.
Today, the European Conference of the Arabian Horse organizations
has 60 active members.
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